Breastfeeding and expressing milk is protected under state and federal law.
Pumping at work
The federal Break Time for Nursing Mothers law requires employers covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to provide basic accommodations for breastfeeding mothers at work. These accommodations include time for women to express milk and a space that is:
functional for expressing milk
shielded from view
free from intrusion
available as needed, AND
NOT a bathroom.
Note: Employers are not required to pay nursing mothers for breaks taken for the purpose of expressing milk. However, where employers already provide paid breaks, the employer must pay an employee who uses those breaks to express milk.
For more information or to file a complaint, call 1-866-4US-WAGE (487-9243) or visit www.dol.gov/whd
Did you know that all fifty states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have laws that specifically allow women to breastfeed in any public or private location?
That means that no one has a right to ask a mom to leave, stop breastfeeding, cover up, or go to another location, like a restroom, to breastfeed.
You can look up your state’s laws at the National Conference of State Legislatures website.
States that have laws about breast milk expression at work can offer more, but never less, protection for employees than the federal law. Ohio and Kentucky have no additional workplace protection laws.
Indiana has a law that says women who work for state and political subdivisions be provided reasonable, paid breaks to express breast milk.
Learn more from the Office of Women's Health:
Nursing moms often have many questions about how to continue breastfeeding when they return to work. Read frequently asked questions about breastfeeding at work, including how to talk to your supervisor about your needs and where to find resources and support.
Employees’ Guide to Breastfeeding and Working Mothers everywhere have found that they can continue to give their babies important health benefits even after they return to work. This booklet will help you take those first steps back to your working life.
Find ideas for how to find time and space to pump in your industry.
Did you know that women with children are the fastest-growing segment of the workforce? Learn how to support and keep your valuable employees.
Balancing work and family is an important priority for all employees. Today, more than 80% of new mothers in the United States begin breastfeeding, and 6 in every 10 new mothers are in the workforce. On the Supporting Nursing Moms at Work page, you can learn federal rules and requirements for employers about breastfeeding and lactation at work, and see success stories from all types of industries, including restaurants, retail, manufacturing, and more.
The federal government has resources to help employers know what they are responsible for and ideas on how they can follow the law. The Business Case for Breastfeeding is a comprehensive program designed to educate employers about the value of supporting breastfeeding employees in the workplace.